Academic Word List

Listed below are 570 of the most frequent academic words in children's text books, in alphabetical order with in frequency.

1st Most Frequent
analyse
approach
area
assess
assume
authority
available
benefit
concept
consist
constitute
context
contract
create
data
define
derive
distribute
economy
environment
establish
estimate
evident
export
factor
finance
formula
function
identify
income
indicate
individual
interpret
involve
issue
labour
legal
legislate
major
method
occur
percent
period
policy
principle
proceed
process
require
research
respond
role
section
sector
significant
similar
source
specific
structure
theory
vary
2nd
achieve
acquire
administrate
affect
appropriate
aspect
assist
category
chapter
commission
community
complex
compute
conclude
conduct
consequent
construct
consume
credit
culture
design
distinct
element
equate
evaluate
feature
final
focus
impact
injure
institute
invest
item
journal
maintain
normal
obtain
participate
perceive
positive
potential
previous
primary
purchase
range
region
regulate
relevant
reside
resource
restrict
secure
seek
select
site
strategy
survey
text
tradition
transfer
3rd
alternative
circumstance
comment
compensate
component
consent
considerable
constant
constrain
contribute
convene
coordinate
core
corporate
correspond
criteria
deduce
demonstrate
document
dominate
emphasis
ensure
exclude
framework
fund
illustrate
immigrate
imply
initial
instance
interact
justify
layer
link
locate
maximise
minor
negate
outcome
partner
philosophy
physical
proportion
publish
react
register
rely
remove
scheme
sequence
sex
shift
specify
sufficient
task
technical
technique
technology
valid
volume
4th
access
adequate
annual
apparent
approximate
attitude
attribute
civil
code
commit
communicate
concentrate
confer
contrast
cycle
debate
despite
dimension
domestic
emerge
error
ethnic
goal
grant
hence
hypothesis
implement
implicate
impose
integrate
internal
investigate
job
label
mechanism
obvious
occupy
option
output
overall
parallel
parameter
phase
predict
principal
prior
professional
project
promote
regime
resolve
retain
series
statistic
status
stress
subsequent
sum
summary
undertake
5th
academy
adjust
alter
amend
aware
capacity
challenge
clause
compound
conflict
consult
contact
decline
discrete
draft
enable
energy
enforce
entity
equivalent
evolve
expand
expose
external
facilitate
fundamental
generate
generation
image
liberal
licence
logic
margin
medical
mental
modify
monitor
network
notion
objective
orient
perspective
precise
prime
psychology
pursue
ratio
reject
revenue
stable
style
substitute
sustain
symbol
target
transit
trend
version
welfare
whereas
6th
abstract
accurate
acknowledge
aggregate
allocate
assign
attach
author
bond
brief
capable
cite
cooperate
discriminate
display
diverse
domain
edit
enhance
estate
exceed
expert
explicit
federal
fee
flexible
furthermore
gender
ignorance
incentive
incidence
incorporate
index
inhibit
initiate
input
instruct
intelligence
interval
lecture
migrate
minimum
ministry
motive
neutral
nevertheless
overseas
precede
presume
rational
recover
reveal
scope
subsidy
tape
trace
transform
transport
underlie
utilise
7th
adapt
adult
advocate
aid
channel
chemical
classic
comprehensive
comprise
confirm
contrary
convert
couple
decade
definite
deny
differentiate
dispose
dynamic
eliminate
empirical
equip
extract
file
finite
foundation
globe
grade
guarantee
hierarchy
identical
ideology
infer
innovate
insert
intervene
isolate
media
mode
paradigm
phenomenon
priority
prohibit
publication
quote
release
reverse
simulate
sole
somewhat
submit
successor
survive
thesis
topic
transmit
ultimate
unique
visible
voluntary
8th
abandon
accompany
accumulate
ambiguous
append
appreciate
arbitrary
automate
bias
chart
clarify
commodity
complement
conform
contemporary
contradict
crucial
currency
denote
detect
deviate
displace
drama
eventual
exhibit
exploit
fluctuate
guideline
highlight
implicit
induce
inevitable
infrastructure
inspect
intense
mallipulate
minimise
nuclear
offset
paragraph
plus
practitioner
predominant
prospect
radical
random
reinforce
restore
revise
schedule
tense
terminate
theme
thereby
uniform
vehicle
via
virtual
visual
widespread
9th
accommodate
analogy
anticipate
assure
attain
behalf
bulk
cease
coherent
coincide
commence
compatible
concurrent
confine
controversy
converse
device
devote
diminish
distort
duration
erode
ethic
format
found
inherent
insight
integral
intermediate
manual
mature
mediate
medium
military
minimal
mutual
norm
overlap
passive
portion
preliminary
protocol
qualitative
refine
relax
restrain
revolution
rigid
route
scenario
sphere
subordinate
supplement
suspend
team
temporary
trigger
unify
violate
vision
10th Most Frequent
adjacent
albeit
assemble
collapse
colleague
compile
conceive
convince
depress
encounter
enormous
forthcoming
incline
integrity
intrinsic
invoke
levy
likewise
nonetheless
notwithstanding
odd
ongoing
panel
persist
pose
reluctance
so-called
straightforward
undergo
whereby
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

From Coxhead, A. (2000). A New Academic Word List. TESOL Quarterly, 34(2), 213-238.